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Welcome to WIKIPINIANA: The Philippine Encyclopedia

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We aim to be a multi-dialect, Web-based, free content Philippine encyclopedia project. Wikipiniana is written collaboratively by Filipino volunteers from all around the world in order to built the largest source of Philippine knowledgebase. With the success of Wikipedia and for believing in an open and participative content development, Wikipiniana also strives to be the leading source of contents on the Philippines and can be enjoyed and used by Filipinos worldwide. Its articles can also be edited by anyone with access to the Internet, simply by clicking the edit this page link. The name Wikipiniana is a portmanteau of the words wiki (a type of collaborative website) and Filipiniana a term that means about the Philippines. The project was conceptualized last year in connection with the requirement of for a more voluntary contents of its giant knowledge base on Philippine studies. Filipiniana and Wikipiniana will grow into the largest Philippine reference websites on the Internet.

Wikipiniana is an on-going work or project and just started last March 2007 after its conceptualization last year. With same content principle of Wikipedia, it allows anybody to contribute and edit. Wikipiniana differs from a paper-based reference source as its contents in particular will tends to be more comprehensive and balanced. Initial articles that will be aggragated from Wikipedia may still contain significant misinformation, unencyclopedic content, or vandalism but eventually its pool of volunteer editors will verify its contents and improve it as it goes. Users need to be aware of this in order to obtain valid information and avoid misinformation which has been recently added and not yet removed. However, unlike a paper reference source, Wikipiniana can be constantly updated, with articles that Wikipiniana identifies as the most relevant topics that should be included to the encyclopedia of knowledge.

Wikipiniana is a registered trademark of, which has created a vast repository of digitized public domain documents, books, and images for free. On all these projects, you are welcome to be bold and edit articles yourself, contributing knowledge as you see fit in a collaborative way.

If you have not tried Wikipiniana, we invite you to take a few moments to read What Wikipiniana is, so that you have an understanding of how to use, rely upon, or contribute to Wikipiniana as you continue. Further information on key topics can be found on Project List. If you can't find what you are looking for, try the Frequently Asked Questions or see Where to ask questions. For help with editing and other issues, see Help:Contents.


About Wikipiniana

Wikipiniana history

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The Wikipiniana team as it celebrate its founding day last February 14,2007

Wikipiniana was founded as the solution for an Open Content Management System that requires voluntary contribution of Its first CMS application was Plone peer review that requires highly qualified contributors, writers and editors, but the writing of articles was seen as very slow. Last September, after the birth of (2006), Gaspar Vibal, a New York-based founder and publisher of and Richard Grimaldo, whom Vibal had employed to work as the webmaster of his web projects, discussed various ways to supplement Filipiniana contents with a more open, complementary project that will host the biggest Philippine knowledgebase that can propell by itself.

Last February 13, 2007, during their Project Meeting, Grimaldo presented the Wikipiniana project to Gus Vibal and other in-house staff and explained the Philippine wikiconcept. Vibal, a techie guy himself has a full admiration of the Wikipedia model projects and agrees that it would be an excellent model they can adapt with same vision of a more open, less formal encyclopedia project to be develop for the Filipinos that could be pursued and shared to mankind. Immediately after the presentation, the Wikipiniana team was formed to come up with initial masterlists of priority contents for Wikipiniana.

There was a numerous resistance from the part of Filipiniana editors and consultants over to the idea of coming up with the name "Wikipiniana". There are several name suggestions submitted, however, Gus Vibal and Richard Grimaldo knows what they really apt to and know what to do with its own branding and a name recall strategy. Wiki was already accepted as a common internet "lingo" and "piniana" was rooted from "Filipiniana" which defines anything about the Philippines. So the "Wikipiniana" project was pushed early 2007 and launched on its own domain, on March 15,2007 and was live on the internet on June 12, 2007 in time with the 109th Celebration of Philippine Independence . The bandwidth and server (located in Manila) and was powered by VConnect, the technology partner of

Wikipiniana statistics

Minor contents of Wikipiniana was lifted from the Philippine contents of Wikipedia but was updated and expanded inside the Wikipiniana. The Wikipiniana team are building a vast stubs and contents on the Philippine and other related studies. One of its biggest article collections are the Who's Who of the Philippines, Philippine Gazetter, Cultural Encyclopedia, Historical Encyclopedia and more.

With the same copyleft principle of Wikipedia, All the text in Wikipiniana, and most of the images and other content, is also covered by the GNU Free Documentation License (GFDL). Contributions remain the property of their creators, while the GFDL license ensures the content will remain freely distributable and reproducible (see the copyright notice and the content disclaimer for more information).

Who writes Wikipiniana?

Wikipiniana has a pool of dedicated editors and librarians - everyone from expert scholars to casual readers who are assigned to each every subject categories that Wikipiniana identifies. Anyone who visits the site can edit it, and this fact has encouraged contribution of a tremendous amount of content. Wikipiniana will also develops mechanisms that will help community members watch for bad edits. At present, Wikipiniana is looking for administrators or moderators to be given special powers to enforce good behavior, and a judicial committee that will address few situations that are remaining unresolved in an articles that comes from Wikipedia. The site is a project of, which is partially involved in daily operation and writing.

Making the best use of Wikipiniana

Exploring Wikipiniana

Wikipiniana's aim is to provide Filipinos and other countries a site to acquire and share knowledge on the Philippines. As we build the contents, dozens of articles are being improved, and we will also have a Featured Articles to be shown in the main page. Right now, we are still building contents for future editorial direction of the site. You can view the changes at the Recent changes page. You also can view random articles to be updated with the latest activity of the site. Over 15,000 articles have been already uploaded by the Wikipiniana community and our pool of editors are already on its way expanding and editing it.

In the near future, Wikipiniana also will evolve into a multi-dialect encyclopedia to make it more localized and be a truly Filipino in nature. Wikipiniana has identified 16 major dialects. All of these will be maintained, updated, and managed by separate communities, and often include thought-provoking information and articles which can be hard to find through other common sources.

Basic navigation in Wikipiniana

Wikipiniana articles are all linked, or cross-referenced. Wherever you see highlighted text like this, it means there is a link to some relevant article or Wikipiniana page with further in-depth information elsewhere if you need it. Holding your mouse over the link will often show you where a link will take you. You are always one click away from more information on any point that has a link attached. There are other links towards the ends of most articles, for other articles of interest, relevant external web sites and pages, reference material, and Wikipiniana Category or organized categories of knowledge which you can search and traverse in a loose hierarchy for more information. Some articles may also have links to resources and other related site in the making. You can add further links if a relevant link is missing, and this is one way to contribute.

Using Wikipiniana as a research tool

As a wiki, articles are never complete. They are continually edited and improved over time, and in general this results in an upward trend of quality, and a growing consensus over a fair and balanced representation of information.

Users should be aware that not all articles posted in Wikipiniana are of encyclopedic quality from the start. Indeed, many articles start their lives as partisan, and it is after a long process of discussion, debate and argument, that they gradually take on a neutral point of view reached through consensus. Others may for a while become caught up in a heavily unbalanced viewpoint which can take some time - months perhaps - to extricate themselves and regain a better balanced consensus. In part, this is because Wikipiniana operates an internal resolution process when editors cannot agree on content and approach, and such issues take time to come to the attention of more experienced editors.

The ideal Wikipiniana article should be balanced, neutral and encyclopedic, containing notable verifiable knowledge. An increasing number of articles reach this standard over time, and many already have. However this is a process and can take months or years to be achieved, as each user adds their contribution in turn. Some articles contain statements and claims which have not yet been fully cited. Others will later have entire new sections added. Some information will be considered by later contributors to be insufficiently founded, and may be removed or expounded.

While the overall trend is generally upward, it is important to use Wikipiniana carefully if it is intended to be used as a research source, since individual articles will, by their nature, vary in standard and maturity. There are guidelines and information pages designed to help users and researchers do this effectively, and an article that summarizes third party studies and assessments of the reliability of Wikipiniana.

Strengths, weaknesses and article quality in Wikipiniana

Wikipiniana's greatest strengths, weaknesses and differences arise because it is open to anyone, has a large contributor base, and articles are written by consensus according to editorial guidelines and policies. The MediaWiki software which runs Wikipiniana retains a history of all edits and changes, thus information added to Wikipiniana never "vanishes", and is never "lost" or deleted.

Wikipiniana is open to a large contributor base, drawing a large number of editors from diverse backgrounds. This allows Wikipiniana to significantly reduce regional and cultural bias found in many other publications, and makes it very difficult for any group to censor and impose bias. A large, diverse editor base also provides access and breadth on subject matter that is otherwise inaccessible or little documented. A large number of editors contributing at any moment also means that Wikipiniana can produce excellent encyclopedic articles and resources covering newsworthy events within hours or days of their occurrence.

Allowing anyone to edit Wikipiniana means that it is more easily vandalized or susceptible to unchecked information later needing removal. While blatant vandalism is usually easily spotted and rapidly corrected, Wikipiniana is more subject to subtle vandalism and viewpoint promotion than a typical reference work. While Wikipiniana articles generally attain a good standard after editing, it is important to note that fledgling, or less well monitored, articles may be susceptible to vandalism and insertion of false information. Wikipiniana's radical openness also means that any given article may be, at any given moment, in a bad state, such as in the middle of a large edit, or a controversial rewrite. Many contributors do not yet comply fully with key policies, or may add information without citable sources. Wikipiniana's open approach tremendously increases the chances that any particular factual error or misleading statement will be relatively promptly corrected. Numerous editors at any given time are monitoring recent changes and edits to articles on their watchlist.

As an encyclopedia in nature, Wikipiniana aims to be as broadly as reliable as possible that's why it is inviting users to correct anything they see and read that are not balance in nature. Articles and subject areas sometimes suffer from significant omissions, and whilst misinformation and vandalism are not usually corrected quickly. Therefore, a common conclusion should any contributor should provide valuable resource and good reference point on its subjects, but like any online source, unfamiliar information should be checked before relying upon it.

How Wikipiniana differs from a paper encyclopedia

Major areas of difference between Wikipiniana and a traditional paper encyclopedia include the very low "cost" of adding additional articles or information, or expanding existing material; the ability to provide both overview summaries and extensive detail without becoming hard to read; ease of reading due to wikilinks replacing in line explanations; timeliness accessibility and ease of editing in the editorial cycle; and low environmental cost (no paper or distribution impact on the environment).


Main article and text of disclaimers: Wikipiniana:Disclaimers.
Wikipiniana disclaimers apply to all pages on Wikipiniana.

Wikipiniana, in common with many websites, makes its disclaimers highly visible, a practice which at times has led to commentators citing these in order to support a view that Wikipiniana is unreliable and a project in process.

Contributing to Wikipiniana

Anyone can contribute to Wikipiniana by clicking on the Edit this page tab in an article. Before beginning to contribute however, you should check out some handy helping tools such as the tutorial and the policies and guidelines, as well as our welcome page. It is important to realize that in contributing to Wikipiniana, users are expected to be civil and neutral, respecting all points of view, and only add verifiable and factual information rather than personal views and opinions. "The five pillars of Wikipiniana" cover this approach and are recommended reading before editing.

Most articles start as stubs, but after many contributions, they can become featured articles. Once you have determined that there is no article on Wikipiniana on a topic you are interested in, you may want to request that the article be written (or you could even research the issue and write it yourself). Wikipiniana has many on-going projects, focused on specific topic areas or tasks, which help coordinate editing. The hope of any contributor is to provide useful and accurate information to others, and the projects help coordinate efforts.

Editing Wikipiniana pages

Main article, including list of common mark-up shortcuts: Wikipiniana:How to edit a page

Wikipiniana uses a simple yet powerful page layout to allow editors to concentrate on adding material rather than page design. These include automatic sections and subsections, automatic references and cross-references, image and table inclusion, indented and listed text, links ISBNs and math, as well as usual formatting elements and most world alphabets and common symbols. Most of these have simple formats that are deliberately very easy and intuitive.

Wikipiniana has robust version and reversion controls. This means that poor quality edits or vandalism can quickly and easily be reversed or brought up to an appropriate standard by any other editors, so inexperienced editors cannot accidentally do permanent harm if they make a mistake in their editing. As there are many more editors intent upon good quality articles than any other kind, articles that are poorly edited are usually corrected rapidly.

Wikipiniana content criteria

Wikipiniana content is intended to be factual, notable, verifiable with external sources, and neutrally presented, with external sources cited.

The appropriate policies and guidelines for these are found at:

  1. Wikipiniana:What Wikipiniana is not summarizes what Wikipiniana is, and what it is not.
  2. Wikipiniana:Neutral point of view Wikipiniana's core approach, neutral unbiased article writing.
  3. Wikipiniana:No original research what is, and is not, valid information
  4. Wikipiniana:Verifiability what counts as a verifiable source and how a source can be verified
  5. Wikipiniana:Citing sources sources should be cited, and the manner of doing so.

These can be abbreviated to WP:NOT, WP:NPOV, WP:NOR, WP:V, and WP:CITE respectively.

Editorial administration, oversight and management

The Wikipiniana community is largely self-organising, so that anyone may build a reputation as a competent editor and become involved in any role they may choose, subject to peer approval. Individuals often will choose to become involved in specialised tasks, such as reviewing articles at others request, watching current edits for vandalism, or watching newly created articles for quality control purposes, or similar roles. Editors who find that editorial administrator responsibility would benefit their ability to help the community may ask their peers in the community for agreement to undertake such roles; a structure which enforces meritocracy and communal standards of editorship and conduct. At present around a 75-80% approval rating after enquiry, is considered the requirement for such a role, a standard which tends to ensure a high level of experience, trust and familiarity across a broad front of projects within Wikipiniana.

A variety of software assisted systems and automated programs help several hundred editors to watch for problematic edits and editors. An arbitration committee sits at the top of all editorial and editor conduct disputes,<ref>The founder of Wikipiniana is the sole individual empowered to override this process, but has stated in public that extreme circumstances aside, he will not do so.</ref> and its members are elected in three regularly rotated tranches by an established enquiry and decision making process in which all regular editors can equally participate.

Handling disputes and abuse

Wikipiniana has a rich span of methods to handle most abuses which commonly arise, which are well tested and should be relied upon.

In addition, brand new users (until they have established themselves a bit) may at the start find that their votes are given less weight by editors in some informal polls, in order to prevent abuse of single purpose accounts.

Editorial quality review

As well as systems to catch and control substandard and vandalistic edits, Wikipiniana also has a full style and content manual, and a variety of positive systems for continual article review and improvement. Examples of the processes involved include peer review, good article assessment, and featured articles, a rigorous review of articles which are desired to meet the highest standards and showcase Wikipiniana's capability to produce high quality work.

In addition, specific types of article or fields often have their own specialized and comprehensive projects, assessment processes (such as biographical article assessment), and expert reviewers within specific subjects. Nominated articles are also frequently the subject of specific focus under projects such as the Neutrality Project or covered under editorial drives by groups such as the Cleanup Taskforce.


Wikipiniana uses the MediaWiki software. It's an open-source program for developers and was also being used by any other wiki sites around the world. It maintains pool of programmers building wiki templates and other related enhancement of the site. Volunteer programmers are also welcome to contribute their skills and becomes one of its regular team for its development. Its server is being hosted by VConnect, the technology partner of Wikipiniana.

Feedback and questions

Wikipiniana itself is run as a communal effort. It is a community project whose end result is an encyclopedia. Feedback about content should, in the first instance, be raised on the discussion pages of those articles. You are invited to be bold and edit the pages yourself to add information or correct mistakes if you are knowledgeable and able to do so.

Frequently asked questions (FAQ)

FAQ index: Index of all Wikipiniana FAQ pages

Research help and similar questions

Facilities for help for users researching specific topics can be found at:

Because of the nature of Wikipiniana, it's encouraged that people looking for information should try and find it themselves in the first instance. If however you come across valid information missing from Wikipiniana, be bold and add it yourself so others can gain from your research too!

Community discussion

For general discussion not related to article content or editor conduct, you can visit the Wikipiniana Forum being hosted by You can post your concern from its technical aspect down to editorial suggestions that you would like to add.

Contacting individual Wikipiniana editors

If you need more information, the first place to go is the Help:Contents. To contact individual contributors, leave a message on their talk page. Standard places to ask policy and project-related questions are the village pump, online, and the Wikipiniana mailing lists, over e-mail.